The Importance of a Balanced Lifestyle For Millennials

Globalization provides easy access for the public to products that previously could not be enjoyed. One of the most noticeable is technological advances that provide a new way to shop through online shopping. As a result, it is difficult for today’s society to realize a balanced lifestyle, especially in terms of finances.

In addition, people are now giving excessive attention and time to social media. Many buy or do something just to appear to exist on social media. Not to mention the ostentatious lifestyle that comes from being inspired by celebrities with materialism now feels very important.

The level of living needs of people in Indonesia is increasing day by day. The process of international integration that allows the exchange of products between countries, known as globalization, has become one of the main causes of excessive consumption. Indonesians can have access to products that they could not previously consume.

The Central Statistics Agency (BPS) noted that the average per capita expenditure in Indonesia in a month reached IDR 1,225,685 in March 2020. Of this amount, IDR 603,236 was used for food, while IDR 622,449 for non-food items. Where, the highest expenditure is in DKI Jakarta Province with an average per capita of IDR 2,257,991 per month.

The data shows that people are now spending more funds beyond their primary needs. They feel they need an item just because they are tempted by a promotion or advertisement and don’t really need it.

The various facts above have an impact on excessive consumptive behavior, especially for millennials. As a result, many forget to set aside funds to own assets or other needs. No wonder many think that millennials will find it difficult to own a house and assets like the ancients.

Therefore, it is important to have a balanced lifestyle as a way to meet future needs or plans.


Unbalanced Lifestyle

The amount of expenditure made by the millennial generation may have a much higher value than the average expenditure per capita. This is due to the association that requires young people to be the most up-to-date by regularly following trends. Where these activities are classified as quite expensive. Examples such as hanging out in cafes, having the latest type of cellphone, and buying things that are not needed.

Previous generations may find it difficult to understand the needs of these millennials. But not infrequently young people are willing to increase their working hours just for the sake of the best cellphones to show off to their friends. They seem not to care about the costs incurred as long as they can exist.

There are also those who have just entered work and have a low salary. However, to keep up with the latest trends, they have higher consumptive expenditures than income. This causes them to take on unnecessary consumer debt.

Consumptive debt in the sense of taking debt to buy other consumption products without certain results that can be obtained. This type of debt then traps many millennials so that it is difficult to improve their financial capabilities. This type of loan also often falls prey to the illegal Peer to Peer Lending model with stifling interest rates.

Millennials are also known for their ambition to open their own business or increase their source of income which is actually a very good thing. Unfortunately, not many are aware of reducing their consumptive nature for more mature finances, especially in the future. If it is difficult to immediately eliminate these traits, at least you can apply a balanced lifestyle.

Balanced Lifestyle

Here are ways that millennials can apply in order to achieve a balanced lifestyle. This financial life balance will certainly make the future better because the existing funds can be used better.

Millennials are often complacent with large incomes but are not aware of a number of large expenses. For example, the need for health insurance with the appropriate policy rather than just buying the latest gadgets every month. They are also often careless in managing their money because of the You Only Live Oce (YOLO) principle of life.

As a result, millennials often act impulsively in shopping, which is the cause of their financial problems. In the end, many live only on spree after payday and a few weeks later have to save money until payday arrives.

1. Know the Expenditure Details

Millennials must maintain a balance between the amount of income they receive and the expenses they make each month in detail. This expenditure includes daily expenses which are expenses for items needed for daily life (soap, tissue) and also expenses for entertainment which are non-urgent expenses (shopping, coffee).

By knowing these details it can be seen which expenses can or should be reduced. There are a number of daily expenses that can be reduced, while many non-urgent expenses can be eliminated. For example, by not drinking too often at expensive cafes. In addition to saving on the pocket, reducing coffee can also have a good impact on health, right.

2. Set A Fixed Deposit Amount

After knowing the details of the expenses made, determine the amount of fixed savings that will be set aside each month. These deposits can be deposited or used for investments that can provide you with additional income. Another idea is to buy protection in the form of insurance. In terms of investment and protection, it is explained further in the article.

Remember not to wait for the remaining money but instead to set aside special money for this deposit. With the millennial lifestyle, it will be very difficult to wait for money left to be used as savings. Also separate which savings will be used as savings for emergency funds, long-term savings or with special goals such as buying a car.

3. Make the best use of the remaining money

With the remaining money, after deducting the fixed savings target, use the money as well as possible. It’s best in terms of buying what you need and not buying excess stuff, especially if you don’t need the item urgently. This can be calculated through the details of the expenses you already have.

You need to be disciplined to adhere to the details that have been made previously. If it is difficult to do so, you can ask for help from the closest people such as friends or parents to remind you. You can also learn to be disciplined by regularly recording your daily expenses to know where your money is being spent. To be more practical, there are many financial applications that can help you do this.

4. Regular Savings for the Future

For those of you who want to have a balanced life in order to prepare for a financially free future, you need to save regularly. By saving, you can be better prepared for the future.

There are many benefits that you can get by saving, for example, not worrying if there is an urgent need, preparing for a better future, getting profit by saving regularly, and so on.

There are many ways that can be done to start saving, from saving in a bank, making deposits, saving mutual funds, to buying stocks. Everything you can do in order to prepare for the future and for profit.

Well, one of the right ways to save stocks and mutual funds, you can start from anywhere and anytime via the Magic application. At Ajaib, you can start investing with capital starting from IDR 10,000 for mutual funds and IDR 100,000 for stocks.

Overall, if you want to achieve all your plans in the future, it is highly recommended to have a balanced lifestyle where you have to reduce excessive consumption (buying only what you need) and if you can invest or buy protection with the money you have.

Don’t just save your money in the bank because its value will not increase. Be smart about using your money, one of which is through investment so that the value increases. In addition to so that you don’t have to worry about the future, this balanced lifestyle will help you be more observant in financial matters at any time.

Healthy Lifestyle for Health

In addition to being financially healthy, you must also be able to have a balanced lifestyle in terms of health. Because without a healthy body, you will not be able to enjoy a happy future with the finances that you have managed from now on.

To get a balance in life, try to start balancing work and personal life first. In addition, try to choose healthy foods to avoid the risk of disease in the future and also exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes a day.

Huawei Band 6 Supports Healthy Lifestyle and Fashionable Appearance

Huawei has strengthened its product ecosystem in Indonesia by launching various products other than smartphones, one of which is the smartwatch. But not only to support health, Huawei is trying to present a smartwatch with an elegant design.

One of them is the Huawei Band 6 which was recently launched in Indonesia on April 17, 2021. Huawei claims this smartwatch not only offers a variety of health and sports features, but also a fashionable design and a choice of appropriate colors to enhance the look on various occasions.

“Today’s smartband technology is as revolutionary as smartphones, bringing a smart product in your arms that connects our bodies to data and connects us to the world. However, only a few companies seriously have a vision to provide the best technology with stunning designs,” said Huawei CBG Indonesia Country Head Patrick Ru.

Huawei Band 6 Supports Healthy Lifestyle and Fashionable Appearance

The Huawei Band 6 comes with 11 professional sports modes, ranging from indoor or outdoor running, cycling and jumping rope, as well as 85 customizable sport modes, for sports movements, ball games and various types of dance, offering a wide range of options for sports tracking. .

This mode that supports Huawei Band 6 is claimed to be able to bring the latest experience for users. This Huawei Band 6 also adopts Huawei TruSport, which is a professional sports algorithm capable of deeply analyzing the user’s sports ability.

This analysis is based on multi-dimensional parameters such as heart rate variability and exercise data, providing consumers with scientific data analysis and suggestions that can be made to improve the user’s exercise ability.

This smartwatch also comes with an AMOLED Full View display, so that it is not only a simple data collector, but is also claimed to present the perfect combination of beautiful design, easy-to-use features, access for users to view information, health and sports records and smart assistants.

The Huawei Band 6 supports 96 sports modes to support a variety of activities, from using body weight for functional training, doing yoga at home, or even taking gym classes such as body combat, pilates or dancing.

Huawei Band 6 comes with a frame made of fiberglass reinforced polymer and a metal texture coating, and is available in Graphite Black, Amber Sunrise, Sakura Pink and Forest Green colors.

Huawei Band 6 is also supported by Huawei TruSeen 4.0 technology and smart bar power saving algorithm.

5 Smart Ways to Make Life Choices, Think Deeply!

Life is a choice. Whether we want to be avoided like anything, we will always come back faced with various choices in life. These choices are often so confusing because they always have advantages and disadvantages that cannot be separated.

So, after all, we certainly have to have our own tips so that we can make choices in a smart way and don’t make other people affected by our choices dewa bioskop. Here are some tips so that those of you who are currently frustrated with a choice can immediately decide which choice to take.

1. Not only logically, consider it using your heart

When we decide something, it’s not only logic that has to work, but your heart too. Never forget one of them because both will synergize to lead you to the best choice. Don’t just lean on one of them, but try to listen to both.

2. The future is important, but also involve your condition in the present

When making choices for the life to be lived in the future, we often forget to look at our condition in the present. Is it possible for us to make that decision if we have to sacrifice the present. How best to keep both of them running well, that’s what you have to consider.

3. All choices have risks, can you bear the risks?

All options have their own risks. For the choice that you are currently going to make, are you willing and able to bear the risk too? Don’t you mind and won’t give up halfway later? Up to that point, you have to consider it carefully, you know.

4. Not only about yourself, your choice must also involve other people

When making a choice, whether it’s a matter of career, education, and others, everything needs deep consideration. Not only about whether you will benefit from this choice, but also whether you will harm others in the future? The importance of seeing the impact of this choice on others will reduce the regret that you may later feel.

5. Life choices are hard, will produce something worth it, and vice versa

Usually, the heavier a life choice you have to take, the results will also be commensurate with the weight of the risk you have to live. Incredible success will not come through simple, low-risk choices.

You of course have to go through tough trials as well and this is what others are sometimes reluctant to take. The question is, do you want to think the same as everyone else, or become an extraordinary person with unusual choices?

Deciding and taking a life choice can’t be avoided at all. Everyone always wants the best for him but many forget the five points already mentioned. Are you ready to make the best choice yourself?


Do We Have a Particular Learning Style Choice?

Many of us have a choice of how to learn, maybe learn from seeing explanations by experts or learn from directly ‘plunging’ to try it.

Is the choice of learning style the easiest way for us to learn something?

When you learn something new, do you learn more easily from diagrams, from someone explaining how, or do you try it right away? You may be tempted to answer that it all depends on the task at hand.

For example, learning to drive completely from a book or from someone sitting in the kitchen telling you how to do it situs slot online, cannot be replaced by you who learn directly by trying to drive.

Seeing someone decorating a cake may just give you an idea of ​​the technique because it takes so long to experiment.

But, in general you may also have the choice of studying a certain way, or as they say in education, a preferred learning style.

Over the years, many different ways of classifying learning styles have been developed – pragmatic versus theory, concrete thinker versus abstract thinker, organizer versus innovator – and many, many others.

One review found there are more than 30 branches of this classification.

And schools were offered to buy different testing kits. Some that are well known for classifying children’s learning styles based on the senses are visual, auditory, or kinesthetic, each of which refers to the preferred way of learning through seeing, hearing, or doing it (trying) directly.

Many thousands of schools around the world have assessed children’s preferred learning styles and have subsequently, if possible, taught them accordingly.

This idea, known as the linkage hypothesis, says that if you are taught in a learning style that is related to your choice, you will find it easier to learn and as a result you will do better. This idea is very popular in schools.

I’ve been told that there are classrooms where the children sit wearing bibs (baby’s breastplate at mealtime) with capital letters V (visual), A (auditory), or K (kinesthetic), so teachers -the teacher knows exactly which student prefers which style.

The idea has an interesting intuition. Each teacher notices variations in learning styles among students when the teacher is about to choose new ideas for teaching, and he knows how difficult the teaching job is.

Anything that can make teaching work easier is greatly appreciated. Moreover, this linkage hypothesis carries a certain optimism.

Not only does it make us realize that we are all different individuals, but it implies that we can do well if we can figure out the best way of learning that suits us best.

We know we are all different, so why not make the learning process a little easier by using our strengths?

And the teachers seem to agree. In 2014, Professor Paul Howard-Jones of the University of Bristol sampled teachers in five countries, and found that the proportion of those who agreed that students learn better if they are taught according to their preferred learning style ranged from 93% in the UK to 97 % in China and Turkey

The question is not whether there are learning styles, but whether learning in a preferred style makes a difference.

So if you are more visual style inclined, could you learn better by looking at photos than by verbal instruction? There is a lot of reading material on this, with a lot of published study results.

However, some of the literature available is very small in number and few appear in journals that can be reviewed by the general public.

A large review of research into learning styles took 16 months to complete and was published in 2004.

The authors identified the surprising finding that there were 71 different models of learning styles, and then analyzed only 13 in detail.

To their dismay, however, they found the field to be much ‘broader, opaque, contradictory and controversial’ than they had hoped.

They concluded that after 30 years of research there was still no agreement on the best way to assess learning or teaching styles according to the study results.

They have occasionally encountered a study in which teaching according to learning styles made a difference to the outcome, but they criticized the validity of the research.

To ensure that teaching according to learning styles makes a difference, a study needs to assess students’ learning styles, then divide them into random groups to be taught in different learning styles, before giving them the same test.

Ultimately they need to ascertain whether people who are taught according to their preferred style do better, and more importantly, whether those who are taught in the ‘wrong’ style do worse. If the theory holds then it is possible to prove interactions like these.

When the next major review was published in 2008, the authors found very few studies designed as such.

Of the four best-designed studies, three found that learning style associations made no difference.

Sometimes children learn better when taught in a preferred learning style, but so do the other people in the group, so reflecting this is their learning style not because it is an individual learning style that is important.

The researchers found only one study with both a rigorous methodology and positive results as well.

But, although they emphasize that the costs associated with teaching individuals according to their preferred learning style are very high, schools will want to see more than statistically significant improvements, they need to see evidence of large differences for many. students.

A 2008 review pointed to a lack of evidence, calling openly for researchers to fill this gap.

They even define exactly how to design the right study. So, in 2015 when the most recent review of how learning styles were related was published by another team, they really wanted to know if their calls were being taken care of.

The good news is that the number of studies using robust methods is increasing, but six studies looking at the same interactions described above have yet to be found.

However, the uncritical response to the relevance of learning styles began to change.

The authors were encouraged to find that some (but not necessarily all) textbooks for aspiring teachers began citing a lack of evidence for appropriate teaching and learning styles, but were later disappointed to see that some suggested teachers were still doing it.

However, there is one interesting study in which children were given the opportunity to explore the outdoors, go on a ‘photo safari’ to take photos and join group discussions, all while their movement was monitored with a GPS tracking device.

Their learning styles are assessed starting from the beginning and many children have their learning processes according to certain styles.

The kinesthetic pupils moved the most during outdoor play time, the visual pupils took more photos in more scenic places, and the auditory pupils spoke more than any other during the discussion.

The researchers didn’t assess whether this helped them learn, but this is ultimately evidence that our preferred learning styles have at least some implications for how we act in the real world, although we don’t know if they change the outcome.

But why can’t the association hypothesis make more of a difference to test results, when it thinks it should? We have to remember that our senses don’t work alone.

Even reading is an act of more than just a visual process. Various parts of the brain are exerted as we imagine the scenes in the book and reflect on our own experiences.

The brain system doesn’t work alone, so even when we listen to something with focus, our visual processes don’t stop.

So is it correct to say that learning styles have been proven invalid?

The authors of the 2015 review said “not all of it.”

There are so few organized studies that it is difficult to provide teachers with good advice on teaching. However, looking at the best available evidence so far, it is clear that there is no evidence that teaching according to learning styles brings about improvements.

But maybe, if the teachers are happy to do it, even if there is a small chance that it might work, it doesn’t matter if the evidence is lacking.

The problem is, as was highlighted in a 2004 review, teaching students in this way can stifle student development.

Using our strengths in the learning process may seem like a good idea, but as adults we need to be able to learn in all kinds of different ways.

So, it may be more useful in the long run to practice using our less visible senses.

There is also the danger of classifying students according to their learning styles, as this can create stereotypes in them.

If students’ learning struggles are stopped because of their choice of kinesthetic learning styles, for example, their difficulties may be taken for granted instead of being scrutinized and acted upon.

And students can even stereotype themselves.

At a conference the authors of the 2004 review told someone’s story, because that person knew he was a ‘low-auditory and visual learner’ there was no point reading a book or listening to anyone for more than a few minutes.

We can’t say the connectedness hypothesis will never work, and there are teachers who do, but when judging by the evidence, it’s been less promising so far.

11 Positive Thinking Ways We Should Start Doing

Positive thinking is not an easy thing to do. Especially when there is a problem, not a few people tend to think negatively. This has the potential to make the perpetrator anxious, worried, and depressed.

In fact, positive thinking can have a good effect on our psychological state. This mindset can also make us enjoy life more. So prediksi jitu, how do you think positively?

Positive thinking can be done by applying several techniques that have been proven effective in helping a person change their perceptions. Some positive ways of thinking that can be applied include:

Look on the bright side

Any problem can come at any time in life. When faced with a problem, focus your thoughts on the good things behind the problem, even if it’s only a small thing.

For example, when a friend cancels an event suddenly, we should look on the bright side, which is to have free time to relax or rest. Avoid feeling upset or disappointed, as it will fill your mind with negative things.

Get used to be grateful

Some people often compare themselves to other people whose lives look happier. It can make him jealous, jealous, inferior, and his mind becomes confused.

Therefore, make it a habit to be grateful so that your thoughts remain positive and life feels more meaningful. We can be grateful for whatever we have, whether it be family, friends, work, or other things that make us happy.

Talk positively to yourself

A person can be his own bad critic. Over time, this can cause us to form negative opinions about ourselves that will be difficult to shake off.

Therefore, to stop this, we have to talk positively to ourselves.

Research shows that small changes in how we talk to ourselves can affect our ability to regulate our feelings, thoughts, and behavior when under pressure.

Avoid beating yourself up, such as “I screwed up.” However, replace it with the words “I’ll try to fix it.”

Smile more

Smiling can make you calmer and more positive. In one study, people who smiled while performing a stressful task felt more positive afterward than those who showed no expression.

So, even if you’re in trouble, pull yourself up and try to smile.


Research shows that laughter can reduce stress, anxiety, and depression. It can also lift our mood and make our burdens feel less.

Laugh more by watching funny videos, comedy movies, or making jokes with kids.

Develops optimism

Learning to think positively is like strengthening muscles. Because, the more often you use it, the stronger the thought. One of the positive ways of thinking that we must do is to develop optimism.

When we have optimism, we will not be afraid to fail and see things positively. However, we also shouldn’t be overly optimistic because it will end up being overly confident people.

Doing good

Doing good can open your mind about other people. Sometimes, we may just look at people by their appearance and immediately have negative thoughts about them. Even though we don’t know what’s in his heart.

Therefore, doing good will change your mind to be more positive. Besides that, we can also respect and appreciate others more.


Everyone certainly needs to rest to calm himself down. Taking breaks can refresh your mind so you can think clearly and positively.

Not only that, resting can also get rid of the anxiety and worry that we feel.

Eliminate drama

When we feel down, we may feel that our life is the saddest thing in the world. Even though the reality may not be that bad.

Dramatizing life will actually make life even more miserable and the mind full of chaos. Therefore, if you want to think positively, stay away from dramatic thoughts like that.

Be around positive people

Did you know that negativity and positivity can be contagious? When associating with toxic people, we can be influenced and follow their habits. Vice versa, when associating with positive people, positive things will be contagious.

Being around positive people has been shown to increase self-esteem and your chances of achieving goals. Therefore, hang out with people who can bring us on the good side.

Envision a good future

Research shows that imagining a good future, whether it’s about a career, a relationship, or something else, can make you happier in the present. This certainly can help us think positively and not worry about what will happen in the future.

However, don’t get complacent just to daydream because we also have to show action to realize this good future.

Get used to doing various positive thinking ways can be applied in everyday life. So, start to think positively so that life will be more beautiful.

The Influence of Social Media on Community Behavior

The use of means of communication media nowadays has grown so rapidly along with advances in communication technology, where we are faced with many choices to be able to convey / access information either through conventional media such as print or electronic media and the most developed is social media.

The notion of social media is an online media, where users can easily participate, share and create content including blogs, social networks (Facebook, Youtube, Myspace and Twitter), wikis, forums and virtual worlds. In the use of social media that is most often used by people is social networking, because this site allows people to create a personal web page, which can be connected with friends to share information and communicate.

Of the many social networks, the use of Facebook and Twitter is the most loved by people because it is more practical pkv games online, economical and inexpensive to use. It is enough to have a smartphone so we can access information anytime and anywhere through social media, and the most interesting thing is that we can convey information related to our activities, both personal and group.

The use of social media has penetrated almost all levels and groups, including government officials, businessmen, traders, Ustas, students, students, etc. The use of social media was first carried out through the sending of the first electronic mail by ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency) researchers in 1971, which developed to give birth to the GeoCities website in 1995 which served Web Hosting, which is a website data storage rental service so that website pages can be accessed from anywhere. Then the name Siosia networking site was born in 1997, in 1999 a site to create a private block, namely Blogger, appeared, which offered users the ability to create their own web page that could contain anything, including personal matters, without spending a lot of money and labor. Social media users are free to create messages, edit, add, modify text, images and videos, graphics and so on. Everything can be done alone without the help of others, practically right? This is what causes social media to develop so rapidly.

Positive Impact of Social Media

The use of social media has a very positive impact, especially in interacting socially, politically and economically. The use of social media makes it easy to communicate, both friends and family, which is not possible to do face to face because of the distance factor.

We can send the required information easily and quickly, as well as in accessing the information we need. We have met a lot of friends or family who haven’t met for a long time through the social media Facebook. Social media can be used as a means of sharing, exchanging photos, data and other documents. Social media can also be used as a means of promotion with various products / services that can be offered to social media users without having to pay a lot of money but with multiple benefits. So it is not surprising that nowadays online businesses have mushroomed through social media, even in big cities the use of political communication through social media has become a powerful enough media to influence candidate pairs.

Negative Impact of Social Media

The use of social media can also have a negative impact on society, as we see now that social media is used as a medium to instill hatred against others by uploading unethical words or images so that a feeling of displeasure and hate for someone is created, especially those who has an important position in both the government and State institutions.

Social media is used as a means to berate and even promote others, this behavior is very dangerous, especially with regard to the survival of the state and the Republic of Indonesia. Maybe in the future, before going too far, there needs to be a control to regulate the use of social media as a means of communication so that unwanted things do not happen.

The use of social media also has an impact on husband and wife relationships, because it can trigger jealousy between partners if one partner builds an unnatural relationship. There are so many cases that we see in which a household falls apart and ends up divorcing due to uncontrolled use of social media and innocent children who bear the risk.

Social Media and Behavior Change

The use of social media also brings about changes in behavior towards society. For example, we rarely communicate with the surrounding environment, for example when queuing at service counters, each of them is busy with their smartphones without caring about the people around them, even many people we see including our work colleagues, their work is not finished or is even neglected. because he is busy commenting or providing comments via Facebook, which is actually not very useful for him.

And what is most concerning is the impact of social media on the behavior of our teenage children, they become apathetic and indifferent to their environment, we parents find it increasingly difficult to communicate with our children, let alone be expected to help complete homework. Social media makes our children more lazy to learn and unruly, because almost all of their time is spent tinkering with information, whether at school, outside of school or at home. Children prefer social media to express their grievances than their parents, and the worst is that almost all the problems they face convey to social media, including things that are private so that everyone knows, even though people don’t need to know. . they do not realize that what we convey has become public consumption and is difficult to take back. This problem cannot be tolerated, there needs to be a solution considering that our children are our hope who will continue the leadership relay going forward.

Understanding Modern Lifestyle According to Experts, Understand Before Implementing It!

Modern lifestyle, until now, is still a controversial topic. Some people want to change their lifestyle according to the times to become more modern. But on the other hand, there are still those who want to live traditionally with a variety of routines that have been carried out from generation to generation like rituals.

The definition of modern lifestyle itself can be interpreted as a phenomenon of social change which is described as having high mobility, an attitude of trust in science and technology, and openness to accept progress in any field.

According to Soerjono Soekanto, Lecturer Head of Sociology and Customary Law at the Faculty of Law, University of Indonesia, the modern lifestyle is defined as a social change that has previously been arranged and planned in advance. Meanwhile, according to Wilbert E. Moore, the modernization process is defined as the total transformation of traditional or pre-modern coexistence in terms of technology and social organization towards the economic and political patterns that characterize stable western countries.

Without realizing it, this lifestyle change can have an important influence on the human soul. There are several examples of modern lifestyles that are currently very familiar with our daily lives, especially for those of you who live in big cities.

Modern lifestyle is a healthy lifestyle

Even though you adopt a modern lifestyle, it doesn’t mean that you live arbitrarily without adjusting your diet or your health condition. And this is very well aware of by adherents of the modern lifestyle. Especially with the existence of celebrities or healthy lifestyle actors on social media, making today’s modern society inspired.

Training rooms such as fitness centers and yoga began to be crowded, and various kinds of healthy eating patterns began to appear. Of course, the modern lifestyle is not just a matter of outward appearance, but how a person can strengthen the soul to continue living a healthy lifestyle.

Modern lifestyle with minimalist life

A minimalist lifestyle is also an example of a modern lifestyle that is applied to the interior of the house. The times and technology have influenced changes in the way of life of today’s society. One of them is reflected in the inspiration of a house or residence with a modern concept.

Not only the room arrangement that seems simple, the selection of furniture with sleek designs and minimal decorations are the hallmarks of a place to live for someone who adopts a modern lifestyle. The concept of open space in minimalist housing is also inspired by the notion of a modern lifestyle that rests on modernization and dynamic change.

Traveling the world is the main goal of modern society

High mobility is one of the characteristics of the modern lifestyle. Especially with the existence of sophisticated technology, the availability of various means of transportation and transportation services, making today’s modern society seem to be spoiled.

Vacations or traveling are increasingly categorized as entertainment trends, especially for young people who adopt a modern lifestyle. Apart from the realities of life at that time, they can be refreshed by visiting various places or countries.

It’s easy to find information via the internet

Modern lifestyle requires us to always be connected to the environment, especially through the internet. Naturally, electronic devices such as laptops and personal cell phones with sophisticated features are a necessity today for those who adopt a modern lifestyle.

Through the internet, those who adopt a modern lifestyle can freely search and get information about important events happening in the world or current topics of conversation that need to be known.

Make social status as something important

In big cities, the modern lifestyle means considering social status as something important and usually marked by the appearance or brand of all kinds of goods owned and used, residential property, and so on. Those who adhere to a modern lifestyle are also considered to have a self-orientation that tends to highlight their own interests. Usually they will not hesitate to oppose what they feel is violating or not in accordance with their interests.

The existence of a modern lifestyle is undeniable and real in front of our eyes. Staying from yourself, whether you can take the positive side of a modern lifestyle, or even fall asleep and sink to the negative side of this lifestyle. Hopefully this article can inspire you!

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Often Confused What People Say About Life Choices? Don’t Waste Your Time Again

Living life is always full of struggle, especially when faced with various choices of life choices. From career, family, personal to financial problems. You must face all of these choices.

Of these life choices, there are some that you can face and some that you cannot face. Of the various life choices you face, not a few people comment. Instead of being supportive, a lot of what other people say is dropping.

Young woman standing in front of two roads. Difficulties in choosing.

Now, you must focus on positive and optimistic things that support every life choice according to your choice and don’t worry about what other people say. Because the life that lives is oneself, not someone else.

There are several tips that you can implement:

1. Choose a way of life according to your conscience and what you believe

We are often faced with various life choices even to the point where it is difficult to decide. When choosing, you have to start asking questions with your little conscience. Whether that choice is appropriate, whether you believe that choice is the best choice, to other questions.

Crossroad signpost saying this way, that way, the other way concept for lost, confusion or decisions

It’s not easy, but start being honest with your conscience. Choose the path that makes you doubt the least and the risk is small if you are not able to accept the risks. Nothing is wrong, because all decisions are the best choices that you can live right now.

2. Understand your current condition rather than listening to other people’s words

The opinions of others about us can indeed vary and there are still many that are not in accordance with your own condition. How much do you still listen to people who of course don’t understand you at this time. The most important thing is to adjust it to the conditions, not what other people say.

Do other people have the right to control our lives? Of course not. Understanding yourself is the most important thing. That way you can focus on choosing life choices that match what supports your dreams.

3. Don’t be afraid to make decisions even when faced with difficult choices

Every choice is nothing easy. There are times when both are faced with very difficult choices. You need to remember that in each option you will choose, there must be pluses and minuses. Especially those related to your life in the future.

Many people worry that they will make the wrong choice. It’s natural, but you have to start to be brave to choose in the middle of the difficulty of that choice. This will mature the process of living life. Because life goes on and there is always a lot to be faced.

It’s okay to be upset because it’s human, but don’t let it drag on to make you sad and unable to make a decision. Keep on facing it and don’t let you blame others for your every decision.

Get to know hedonism, a consumptive lifestyle that can make finances languish

You must have heard the word ‘hedon’ as in everyday conversation ‘you really hedon’ and so on. Usually, the word is used to describe or criticize someone who has a consumptive lifestyle, wasteful of using money for things that are not important.

The word hedon is also commonly said to someone who has high shopping desire, buying this item without thinking. Actually, what is meant by hedonism and its ins and outs, to how to avoid hedonistic behavior? The following is the explanation as quoted from various sources.

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Definition of Hedonism

Hedonism comes from the Greek language, namely hedonismeos with the root word hedone. The word hedone means “pleasure,” while hedonismos is defined as a perspective that assumes that people will be happy by seeking as much pleasure as possible. This pleasure can be obtained in various ways, such as enjoying entertainment, owning property, sexual activities, and so on.

History of Hedonism

The word hedonism has appeared since the beginning of the emergence of philosophy, or when humans started to do philosophy in 433 BC. This view emerged when Socrates, one of the most famous philosophers, questioned the purpose of human life in this world. This question eventually gave birth to a view of hedonism. At that time hedonism was not to describe negative behavior, but to describe the essence of human existence on this earth.

The answer to Socrates’ question which later became the view of hedonism or which is now known as hedonism originated from the thoughts of several other philosophers, such as Aristippus and Epicureans. The two philosophers have different views on hedonismos.

Aristippus described all human pleasures as physical, as well as his displeasure. Meanwhile, Epikuros defines hedonism as human happiness that must be obtained by balancing positive and negative things. Unlike Aristippus, Epicurean implanted the spiritual aspects of the individual in his thinking.

Furthermore, various people who describe this thought in modern times ultimately have the same outline, that hedonism is the view of a person who tries to live for pleasure as the ultimate goal, especially for himself.

The Positive and Negative Sides of Hedonism

If you look at the meaning of hedonism at the beginning of this view, then hedonism is not a really bad thing. Seeking pleasure in life is not wrong in this short life. However, if seeking pleasure is made as an absolute goal, then a person will not have empathy for other individuals because they are only trying to continuously fulfill personal pleasure.

There are two factors why human behavior and perspective on life can lead to hedonism, including:

– Internal Factor

This factor is actually embedded in most humans, maybe almost all of them. There is an insatiable sense of pleasing oneself. This can be positive if channeled to continue learning, such as thirst for knowledge, education, desire to be more advanced. However, if this feeling of insatiability is only for personal pleasure, it can have bad consequences and become the forerunner of consumerist behavior.

– External Factor (External Factor)

One of the external factors of hedonism in society, including in Indonesia, is the entry of globalization so that you get various views and see lifestyles and habits from outside. Advances in technology, such as the internet, are able to change people’s behavior in getting pleasure. For example, social media is mushrooming, where users show their existence, such as showing off a glamorous lifestyle, luxury goods, and others.

The emergence of hedonism in society has both positive and negative impacts. From the negative side, people who adhere to a hedonistic view of life have the following characteristics:

1. Tend to be more selfish
2. Do not have empathy for the social environment
3. Trying to achieve his pleasure by all means
4. Conduct rationalization or justification for their pleasures when the pleasure is contrary to legal and social norms
5. Can do everything possible to fulfill his pleasure so that it might harm others.

On the other hand, hedonistic behavior can provide a positive side to people who adhere to this perspective of life, including being able to take advantage of all opportunities well, never give up in achieving goals, and have strong motivation to get what you want.

Shifting Meanings of Hedonism in the Modern Era

Today, the meaning of hedonism for most people describes hedonism as a consumptive behavior or consumerism that has a negative impact on adherents. Of course this lifestyle is influenced by internal and external factors, including:

From a child, parents are too spoiled, given various facilities or conveniences so that they feel they always get what they want regardless of the balance of needs, and other factors
2. The presence of ‘influencers’ on social media greatly affects jealousy to have luxurious things that are actually not able to be obtained so that they force all means even though they have to be in debt
3. Associating or associating with people who have a luxury standard of living, using branded goods, so that they feel inferior when they are not equal to them. Finally, in order to follow the association, you are willing to spend money to buy the same thing
4. The mushrooming of financial access for people to borrow money and easily repay it.

How to Avoid Hedonic and Consumptive Behavior

Hedon which can lead to consumptive behavior is a life habit that can damage your finances. This lifestyle is inherent among the millennial generation. The salaries of these young people are used up for hanging out in cafes, snacking coffee, eating at restaurants, traveling, and other consumptive behavior without having any savings or investment.

Get rid of hedonistic behaviors or lifestyles if you don’t want to get into financial problems in the future. There are several ways to avoid hedonic behavior, including:

– Make a Priority List of Needs
The first step to stay away from living a hedonistic life, is to compile a list of your priority needs. Write down the list, and keep it in your mind so that it becomes a reminder. So when the desire to buy something is out of necessity, you have to think long whether the item is really needed or not, it can still be postponed or not. Trying to carry out this commitment, so that you are able to hold back your lust to buy things outside of your need.

– Saving and Investing
Every time you receive a salary, immediately use it for routine expenses, such as paying for your house rent, electricity and water bills, if you have debt repayments. Don’t forget to set aside money for savings, emergency funds, and investments. These three are very important so that your finances are stable. If there is a sudden need, you can use an emergency fund. While saving and investing to guarantee your future finances.

– Make a Financial Budget
In order to avoid a hedon lifestyle, you need to make a financial budget. That way, you can find out how much money from income you can spend. How to manage finances usually uses the 50-20-30 system. Each salary or income you receive every month, allocate 50% for daily living expenses, such as food, transportation costs, paying for house rent, electricity and water bills, including credit card bills. Next, set aside 20% of your salary for savings and investments, as well as an emergency fund, while the remaining 30% of your budget is for entertainment, holidays, shopping for clothes or buying the things you want.

– Reduce Credit Card Swipes
Credit cards make it very easy for someone to shop, buy goods, eat at restaurants, and buy tickets for music concerts. Credit cards also offer easy installment payments. But remember using a credit card is tantamount to debt. Even though you can pay it in installments, if you are late you will be fined. Use credit cards wisely, to save on existing promos. Make sure to use a credit card within your budget.

– Charity and charity
This one might sound a little cliché. Charity and charity can keep you from hedonic behavior. You would think that there are still many people who are not as fortunate as you and need your helping hand. This will make you think twice when you want to waste money.

Don’t Get Trapped

The hedon lifestyle is indeed dazzling to the eye. Once trapped, it’s hard to get out of the puddle because there are things that are tempting. Even those who have realized, can get caught again. Therefore, it takes commitment and a strong will to leave it. Start life as is and not too much.

History of Indonesian Colonialism during the Dutch Period

During the 18th century, the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (abbreviated as VOC) established itself as an economic and political power on the island of Java after the collapse of the Mataram Sultanate. This Dutch trading company had been a major force in Asian trade since the early 1600s, but in the 18th century began to develop an interest in intervening in indigenous politics on the island of Java to increase its power in the local economy.

However, corruption, poor management and intense competition from the British (East India Company) resulted in the collapse of the VOC towards the end of the 18th century. In 1796, the VOC finally went bankrupt and was later nationalized by the Dutch government. As a result, VOC property and assets in the archipelago fell to the Dutch crown in 1800. However, when France occupied the Netherlands between 1806 and 1815, these assets were transferred to British hands. After Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo it was decided that most of the archipelago would return to Dutch hands.

Architects of the Dutch Colonial Government in Indonesia

Two names stand out as the architects of the Dutch Colonial Government in Indonesia. First, Herman Willem Daendels, Governor General 1808-1811 when the Netherlands was controlled by France, and, second, British Lieutenant Stamford Raffles, Governor General 1811-1816 when Java was controlled by the British. Daendels reorganized the central and regional colonial governments by dividing the island of Java into districts (also known as residencies) headed by a European civil servant – called resident – who was directly subordinate to – and had to report to – the Governor-General in Batavia. These residents are responsible for a variety of matters in their residency, including legal matters and agricultural organization.

Raffles continued the reorganization of his predecessor (Daendels) by reforming the courts, police and administrative systems in Java. He introduced a land tax in Java which meant that Javanese farmers had to pay a tax, roughly two-fifths of their annual harvest, to the authorities. Raffles was also very interested in Javanese culture and language. In 1817 he published his book The History of Java, one of the first academic works on the island of Java. However, Raffles’ reorganization of administration also meant increased foreign intervention in Javanese society and economy, which was reflected in the increasing number of middle ranking European officials working in residencies on the island of Java. Between 1825 and 1890 this number increased from 73 to 190 European officials.

The Dutch colonial government system in Java was both direct and dualistic. Along with the Dutch hierarchy, there was an indigenous hierarchy that served as an intermediary between the Javanese peasants and the European civil service. The top of this indigenous hierarchical structure consisted of the Javanese aristocracy, previously the officials who managed the Mataram kingdom. However, because they were controlled by the colonialists, these priyayi were forced to carry out the will of the Dutch.

The increasing Dutch domination of the island of Java did not come without a fight. When the Dutch colonial government decided to build a road on land owned by Pangeran Diponegoro (who was appointed regent of Yogyakarta after the sudden death of his half brother), he revolted with the support of the majority of the population in Central Java and he turned it into a jihad war. This war lasted from 1825 to 1830 and resulted in the death of around 215,000 people, mostly Javanese. But after the Java War was over – and Prince Diponegoro was captured – the Dutch were much stronger on Java than before.

Forced Cultivation or Cultivation System in Java

Competition with British merchants, the Napoleonic Wars in Europe, and the Java War resulted in a heavy financial burden on the Dutch government. It was decided that Java should be a major source of income for the Dutch and therefore Governor General Van den Bosch encouraged the start of the Cultivation era (historians in Indonesia recorded this period as the Cultivation era but the Dutch colonial government called it Cultuurstelsel which means Cultivation System) in 1830 .

With this system, the Dutch had a monopoly on the trade in export commodities in Java. Moreover, it was the Dutch who decided the type (and quantity) of commodities that had to be produced by the Javanese farmers. In general, this meant that Javanese farmers had to hand over one-fifth of their crop to the Dutch. In exchange, the farmers received compensation in the form of money at a price determined by the Dutch regardless of commodity prices on the world market. Dutch and Javanese officials receive bonuses if their residency sends more crops than the previous time, thus encouraging top-down intervention and repression. Apart from forced cultivation and corpse labor, Raffles’ land tax also still applies! The Cultivation System resulted in financial success. Between 1832 and 1852, about 19 percent of total Dutch government revenue came from the Javanese colonies. Between 1860 and 1866, this figure grew to 33 percent.

Initially, the Cultivation System was not dominated by the Dutch government alone. Javanese power holders, private Europeans as well as Chinese businessmen played a role. However, after 1850 – when the Cultivation System was reorganized – the Dutch colonial government became a major player. However, this reorganization also opened the door for European private parties to begin to dominate Java. A privatization process occurred because the colonial government gradually transferred the production of export commodities to European private entrepreneurs.

Dutch Indies Liberal Age

More and more voices were heard in the Netherlands rejecting the Cultivation system and pushing for a more liberal approach for foreign companies. This rejection of the Cultivation System occurred for humanitarian and economic reasons. In 1870 the liberal group in the Netherlands won power in the Dutch parliament and successfully eliminated some of the characteristics of the Cultivation system, such as the percentage of planting and the obligation to use land and labor for export crops.

This group of liberals paved the way for the start of a new period in Indonesian history known as the Liberal Age (circa 1870-1900). This period was marked by the profound influence of private capitalism on colonial policy in the Dutch East Indies. The colonial government at that time played more or less a supervisory role in the relationship between European businessmen and the Javanese rural community. However, while liberals say that the benefits of economic growth will also flow to local communities, the situation of Javanese peasants who suffered from hunger, lack of food, and disease was no better in the Liberal Age than during the Cultivation System.

The 19th century is also known as the century of expansion because the Dutch made substantial geographical expansion in the archipelago. Driven by the mentalism of new imperialism, European countries competed to find colonies outside the European continent for economic motives and status. One of the important motives for the Netherlands to expand its territory in the archipelago – apart from financial gain – was to prevent other European countries from taking parts of this territory. The most famous battle (and the longest battle between the Dutch and the indigenous peoples) during the period of Dutch expansion this century was the Aceh War which began in 1873 and lasted until 1913, resulting in the deaths of more than 100,000 people. However, the Dutch never held full control over Aceh. After all, political integration between Java and other islands in the archipelago as a colonial political unit had been achieved (largely) in the early 20th century.

Ethical Policy and Indonesian Nationalism

When the borders of the Dutch East Indies began to resemble those of Indonesia today, the Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina made an announcement in her annual speech in 1901 that a new policy, Ethical Policy, would be implemented in the Dutch East Indies. This Ethical Policy (which is an acknowledgment that the Netherlands has a debt of gratitude to the indigenous people of the Archipelago) aims to improve the standard of living of the indigenous people. The way to achieve this goal is through direct state intervention in (economic) life, promoted under the slogan ‘irrigation, education and emigration’. However, this new approach does not prove significant success in terms of improving the standard of living of indigenous people.

However, Ethical Policy has a very important side effect. This component of education in politics contributed significantly to the rise of Indonesian nationalism by providing intellectual tools for the elites of Indonesian society to organize and express their objections to the colonial government. This Ethical Policy provides an opportunity through the educational system, for a small part of the Indonesian elite, to understand Western political ideas about independence and democracy. Thus, for the first time indigenous people began to develop a national awareness as ‘Indonesians’.

In 1908, students in Batavia founded the Budi Utomo association, the first indigenous political group. This event is considered as the birth of Indonesian nationalism. This started a political tradition of cooperation between Indonesia’s young elite and Dutch government officials who were expected to help the West Indies region achieve limited independence.

The next chapter in the process of reviving Indonesian nationalism was the establishment of the first mass-based political party, Sarekat Islam, in 1911. Initially, this organization was established to support indigenous entrepreneurs against Chinese businessmen who dominated the local economy but Sarekat Islam later developed its focus and developed its foundation. popular politics with subversive tendencies.

Other important movements that led to the opening of indigenous political thought were the Muhammadiyah, the Islamic socio-religious reformist movement founded in 1912 and the Indies Social Democratic Association, a communist movement founded in 1914 that propagated the ideas of Marxism in the Dutch East Indies. Internal divisions in this movement led to the establishment of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) in 1920.

Initially, the Dutch colonial government allowed the establishment of local political movements but when Indonesian ideology was radicalized in the 1920s (as seen in the communist rebellions in West Java and West Sumatra in 1926 and 1927) the Dutch colonial government changed its policy. A relatively tolerant regime was replaced by a repressive regime that suppressed all actions allegedly subversive. This repressive regime actually exacerbated the situation by radicalizing the entire Indonesian nationalist movement. Some of these nationalists founded the Indonesian Nationalist Party (PNI) in 1927 as a reaction to the repressive regime. The goal is to achieve complete independence for Indonesia.

Another important event for Indonesian nationalism was the Youth Pledge in 1928. At a congress attended by these youth organizations, three ideals were proclaimed, claiming to have one homeland, one nation and one language. The main objective of this congress is to promote unity among Indonesian youth. During this congress the song which later became the national anthem (Indonesia Raya) was played and the national flag of the independence era (red and white) was hoisted for the first time. The Dutch colonial government acted by taking suppressive actions. Young nationalist leaders, such as Sukarno (who would later become Indonesia’s first president) and Mohammad Hatta (Indonesia’s first vice president) were arrested and exiled.

Japanese invasion of the Dutch East Indies

The Dutch colonialists were strong enough to prevent Indonesian nationalism by arresting its leaders and suppressing nationalist organizations. However, the colonialists could not erase the nationalistic sentiments that had been ingrained in the hearts of the Indonesian people. The Indonesians, on the other hand, were not strong enough to fight against the colonialist leadership and thus needed outside help to destroy the colonial system.

In March 1942, the Japanese army, fueled by the desire for oil, provided this assistance by occupying the Dutch East Indies. Although initially welcomed as liberators by the indigenous Indonesians, they soon experienced misery under Japanese occupation: a shortage of food, clothing and medicine and forced labor under torturous conditions. The lack of food was mainly the result of an inept administration, and this turned Java into an island full of hunger. Indonesians working as forced laborers (called romusha) were placed to work on labor-intensive construction projects in Java.

When the Japanese took over the Dutch East Indies, Dutch officials were placed in prison camps and replaced by Indonesians to carry out governmental duties. The Japanese army educated, trained and armed many Indonesian youth and provided a political voice to nationalist leaders. This enabled nationalist leaders to prepare for the future of an independent Indonesian nation. In the final months before the Japanese surrender, which effectively ended World War II, the Japanese gave their full support to the Indonesian nationalist movement. The destruction of the political, economic and social power of the Dutch colonial government gave birth to a new era. On August 17, 1945, Soekarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesia’s independence, eight days after the atomic bombing of Nagasaki and two days after Japan lost its war.

Differences in Perceptions of the Indonesian Colonial Period

In fact, there are three ‘histories’, or to be more precise: three versions of the Indonesian colonial period, namely:

1) Indonesian version (colonial history from Indonesian point of view)
2) Dutch version (colonial history from a Dutch perspective
3) Academic version (colonial history from the point of view of historians)

However, it must be stressed right away that within the three versions of each there are many variations as well. After all, we can see the three versions in outline.

What distinguishes the Indonesian version and the Dutch version from the academic version is clear: the Indonesian version and the Dutch version are colored by their respective political sentiments and / or interests, while the academic version aims to provide an objective and accurate version (not based on sentiment but based on evidence and sources) . You may now be wondering which version you read above? Well, the overview of the Indonesian colonial period presented above is a synopsis of the academic version. However, it is no less interesting to provide a little information about the history of Indonesian colonization from an Indonesian versus a Dutch perspective. By these versions we mean the general consensus and general view accepted by the nation (including the common people but also government officials, and those who write history books for the younger generation, etc.) in these two countries.

Of course, the Indonesian version and the Dutch version have a lot in common. However, due to the involvement of the two parties in this colonial history, there are some differences in terms of political sentiment and interests in each country.

Perceptions of Indonesia

For example, when talking to an Indonesian about the colonial period (regardless of the educational level of the person) he will say that Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch for three and a half centuries. Is this true? Actually not very precise. The problem is, this statement implies that Indonesia was a united country in the late 1500s or early 1600s. However, in reality, the land that we now know as Indonesia was controlled by many kingdoms that did not have a feeling of brotherhood with one another, moreover they did not have nationalist sentiments, or any other sense of unity. In fact, the war between these kingdoms continued before (almost) all of them were conquered by the Dutch. As illustrated above, a sense of brotherhood and nationalism among the Indonesian nations only emerged in the early 20th century.

After all, the entire territory that we now know as Indonesia was not conquered by the Dutch at the same time (and then in Dutch possession for 3.5 centuries). In contrast, Dutch political expansion in the archipelago was rather slow and gradual (it took several centuries) before its territory came under Dutch control (and in some parts of Dutch control it was very shallow, as in Aceh). In fact, it wasn’t until the 1930s that the Netherlands more or less owned the entire territory of the border we now know as Indonesia.

However, it must be admitted that some parts of the archipelago were indeed colonized by the Dutch for 3.5 centuries (for example Batavia / Jakarta and parts of Maluku). There are other parts that were controlled by the Dutch for about two centuries (for example most of the island of Java), but large parts of the archipelago were, gradually, only conquered during the 19th and early 20th centuries, and in many areas there were never any indigenous people. see a dutch man.

If so, how come there is a view that (all) Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch for three and a half centuries? The answer is ‘politics’. What becomes clear from the above synopsis is that Indonesian nationalism was formed by the awareness of the various Indonesian youths and nationals (whatever their background, ethnicity, culture or religion) that they had one common enemy, namely the Dutch colonialists. Precisely because of this one strong enemy, this very diverse nation had united to become the Indonesian nation. It also explains why – after the enemy’s disappearance in 1949 – there was a period of prolonged chaos in Indonesian politics and society between 1949 and 1967.With the enemy gone, suddenly all the fundamental differences between the Indonesian people surfaced which led to the uprising. (PRRI in Sumatra and Semesta in Sulawesi), calls for separatism (Aceh and Maluku), and calls for establishing an Islamic state (Darul Islam). Only when a new authoritarian regime, namely Suharto’s New Order, took control, did the chaos disappear (and, just like during the Dutch colonial period, at the expense of human rights).

So in the interests of nationalism (to maintain the unity of Indonesia), the Indonesian government (right after independence) deliberately did not mention (for example in school books) that the regions and islands each did not have the same history in the context of colonialism.

The Dutch Perception

The Netherlands also has enough reasons to portray a colonial history that is different from reality. The problem is that the Netherlands over the last few decades has emphasized the importance of human rights (HAM). The problem is that this attitude is very incompatible with its colonial history which was full of human rights violations in the archipelago (as well as in Suriname). Therefore, the violence perpetrated in its colonial history was not mentioned in the school books read by Dutch students in high school. In contrast, the VOC period is described as the pinnacle of national pride because – despite being a very small country in Europe – the Netherlands became the richest country in the world in the 17th century (‘Dutch Golden Age’), not only in terms of trade and military but also in terms of arts and science. However, human rights violations are rarely highlighted.

An interesting example is when former Dutch Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende became annoyed during a discussion with the Dutch Representative Council (Tweede Kamer) in 2006. Responding to the Dutch DPR’s pessimistic view of the future of the Dutch economy, Balkenende said “let’s be optimistic, let’s be positive thinking again. That VOC mentality! Views that go beyond borders! ” This is an example of selective memory that signifies a sense of pride dating back to the VOC period. However, after Balkenende said this, many Dutch politicians, the Dutch media, and the Dutch people criticized Balkenende’s statement.

It is also important to mention that more and more Dutch people are aware of its history of violence (including slavery). For example, statues in the Netherlands glorifying people from the VOC and colonial times – such as Jan Pieterszoon Coen and J.B. van Heutsz – has been banished or severely criticized by the local Dutch population.

Another interesting case is the apology made by the Dutch ambassador to Indonesia Tjeerd de Zwaan in 2013. He apologized for “excesses committed by Dutch troops between 1945 and 1949”. This is rather extraordinary because this is the first time a Dutch official has apologized for the history of colonialism. However, never before did the Netherlands apologize for all the violent incidents that occurred before 1945! Even when the King and Queen of the Netherlands, Willem-Alexander and Maxima, visited Indonesia in early 2020, Willem-Alexander stutteredly apologized for the Dutch violence that occurred in the 1945-1949 period (not the one before 1945).

Why did the Netherlands wait so long before apologizing for the 1945-1949 violence? It is assumed that Dutch officials do not wish to apologize for offending Dutch veterans (who risked their lives in Indonesia for their country) and relatives of Dutch soldiers who died in the ’45 -’49 period while fighting for their country. In fact, it is likely that the Dutch government is afraid of the financial consequences of admitting human rights violations through an apology (surviving victims, or their relatives, could sue).